Civil Litigation Brief – An Overview of CPR Part 9: Responding to a Claim

July 3, 2024

By: tme

Ai Law Legal Services

The Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) Part 9 deals with the procedures for responding to a claim, outlining the steps that defendants must take once they have been served with a claim form.

What is CPR Part 9?

CPR Part 9 sets out the rules for how a defendant should respond after being served with a claim form. It includes the procedures for acknowledging service, filing a defence, and requesting more time to respond. Compliance with these rules is essential to avoid default judgments and ensure that the defendant’s side of the story is heard.

Key Provisions of CPR Part 9

1. Acknowledgment of Service (CPR 9.2)

CPR 9.2 outlines the requirements for acknowledging service of the claim form. The acknowledgment of service must:

  • Be Filed Within 14 Days: The defendant has 14 days from the date of service to file an acknowledgment of service with the court.
  • State Intentions: Indicate whether the defendant intends to defend all or part of the claim, admit all or part of the claim, or contest the court’s jurisdiction.

2. Filing a Defence (CPR 9.3)

CPR 9.3 specifies the timeframe for filing a defence:

  • Standard Time Limit: The defence must be filed within 14 days after service of the claim form, or within 28 days if the defendant has filed an acknowledgment of service.
  • Content of Defence: The defence should address each allegation made in the claim form, admitting, denying, or putting the claimant to proof.

3. Requesting More Time (CPR 9.4)

CPR 9.4 allows defendants to request an extension of time to file their defence:

  • Consent of the Claimant: The defendant can agree an extension of up to 28 days with the claimant without needing court approval.
  • Application to Court: If more time is needed, the defendant must apply to the court for an extension.

4. Consequences of Non-Compliance (CPR 9.6)

CPR 9.6 details the consequences if the defendant fails to respond to the claim form within the specified time limits:

  • Default Judgment: If the defendant does not file an acknowledgment of service or defence within the required timeframe, the claimant can apply for a default judgment.

Importance of CPR Part 9

Ensuring Fair Process

CPR Part 9 ensures that defendants are given a fair opportunity to respond to claims made against them. It provides clear guidelines on the necessary steps to take, helping to maintain the integrity of the judicial process.

Avoiding Default Judgments

By adhering to the rules of CPR Part 9, defendants can avoid default judgments being entered against them. This is crucial for ensuring that their case is heard and that they have the opportunity to present their defence.

Promoting Efficient Case Management

CPR Part 9 helps promote efficient case management by setting clear deadlines for responses. This ensures that cases proceed in a timely manner and that both parties are aware of their responsibilities.

Practical Implications for Defendants and Legal Professionals

Understanding and complying with CPR Part 9 is essential for defendants and their legal representatives. Failure to follow these rules can result in serious consequences, including default judgments.

Tips for Compliance

  • Act Promptly: As soon as a claim form is received, take immediate action to acknowledge service and prepare a defence.
  • Adhere to Deadlines: Keep track of all deadlines for filing an acknowledgment of service and defence to avoid default judgments.
  • Request Extensions if Needed: If more time is needed to prepare a defence, seek an extension from the claimant or apply to the court.
  • Seek Legal Advice: Consult with legal professionals to ensure that all responses are correctly filed and comply with CPR Part 9.


CPR Part 9 is a critical component of the civil litigation process, providing clear guidelines for how defendants should respond to a claim.

Contact Ai Law today to learn more about how we can assist you. At Ai Law, we are dedicated to helping our clients navigate the complexities of civil litigation and ensuring compliance with the CPR.

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