Litigation Brief – Understanding CPR: The Purpose of the Overriding Objective and the Importance of Encouraging Settlement

July 3, 2024

By: tme

Ai Law Legal Services

Central to the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) is the concept of the Overriding Objective, which guides courts and parties in resolving disputes and ensuring that cases are conducted justly, efficiently, and cost-effectively. This article explores the purpose of the Overriding Objective under CPR and emphasizes the significance of encouraging settlement in achieving fair and expedient outcomes.

The Civil Procedure Rules (CPR)

The CPR were introduced in 1999 to streamline and modernize the litigation process in England and Wales. They provide a framework for the conduct of civil cases, aiming to promote fairness, accessibility, and proportionality in resolving disputes.

The Overriding Objective


The Overriding Objective, as set out in CPR Part 1.1, is the cornerstone of civil litigation in the UK. It states that the court must deal with cases justly and at proportionate cost. This overarching principle encompasses several key elements:

  • Ensuring fairness: All parties should have an equal opportunity to present their case.
  • Efficiency: Cases should be handled efficiently, avoiding unnecessary delays and costs.
  • Proportionality: The costs incurred in resolving disputes should be proportionate to the value and complexity of the case.
  • Compliance: Parties are expected to comply with rules, court orders, and directions.

Guidance for Courts and Parties

The Overriding Objective guides courts in managing cases and making procedural decisions. It empowers judges to exercise discretion in case management, including setting timetables, issuing directions, and making decisions on costs.

For parties involved in litigation, adherence to the Overriding Objective requires:

  • Cooperation: Parties should cooperate with each other and the court to achieve a resolution.
  • Transparency: Disclose all relevant information and documents to the other party.
  • Efforts to settle: Actively explore settlement options before proceeding to trial.

Importance of Encouraging Settlement


Encouraging settlement is integral to achieving the Overriding Objective and promoting efficient dispute resolution. Settlement offers several benefits:

  • Time and Cost Savings: Resolving disputes through settlement avoids the time and expense associated with trial.
  • Preservation of Relationships: Settlement can help preserve relationships between parties, which may be valuable in ongoing business or personal dealings.
  • Control over Outcome: Parties have more control over the outcome and terms of settlement compared to a court decision.

Court Support for Settlement

The CPR actively encourages parties to settle disputes. Courts may:

  • Early Neutral Evaluation: Encourage parties to participate in early neutral evaluation or mediation to explore settlement options.
  • Cost Consequences: Consider the parties’ efforts to settle when making decisions on costs, potentially rewarding proactive settlement attempts.


Understanding the Overriding Objective and the importance of encouraging settlement under the CPR is essential for navigating civil litigation in the courts of England and Wales effectively. At Ai Law, we uphold these principles to achieve favorable outcomes for our clients. Whether you are pursuing or defending a claim, our experienced team provides expert guidance and representation tailored to your needs.

Contact Ai Law today to learn more about how we can assist you in your litigation matters

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