Litigation Brief – An Overview of CPR Part 16: Statements of Case

July 3, 2024

By: tme

Ai Law Legal Services

The Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) Part 16 focuses on the requirements for statements of case, which are essential documents in any civil proceeding.

What is CPR Part 16?

CPR Part 16 sets out the rules for the content and format of statements of case, including particulars of claim, defences, counterclaims, and replies. These documents lay the foundation for the issues to be resolved in litigation, making clarity and precision crucial.

Key Provisions of CPR Part 16

1. Particulars of Claim (CPR 16.4)

CPR 16.4 outlines the requirements for particulars of claim:

  • Details of the Claim: The particulars of claim must include a concise statement of the facts on which the claimant relies, the legal basis for the claim, and the remedy sought.
  • Address for Service: The document must include an address for service within the jurisdiction.
  • Statements of Value: If the claim is for money, it must state the amount or the value of the claim.

2. Defence (CPR 16.5)

CPR 16.5 sets out the requirements for a defence:

  • Addressing Allegations: The defence must respond to each allegation in the particulars of claim, indicating which allegations are admitted, denied, or require proof.
  • Alternative Versions: If the defendant provides an alternative version of events, this must be detailed in the defence.

3. Counterclaims (CPR 16.6)

CPR 16.6 deals with counterclaims:

  • Separate Document: A counterclaim must be set out in a separate document or as part of the defence.
  • Details and Remedy: The counterclaim must include the facts on which the defendant relies and the remedy sought.

4. Replies (CPR 16.7)

CPR 16.7 outlines the requirements for replies:

  • Responding to Defence: A reply must respond to any new points raised in the defence.
  • Concise Statement: The reply should be concise and address only the new matters raised in the defence.

Importance of CPR Part 16

Clarity and Precision

CPR Part 16 ensures that statements of case are clear and precise, providing a comprehensive outline of the issues in dispute. This clarity helps both parties and the court understand the basis of the claims and defences.

Facilitating Effective Case Management

By requiring detailed and structured statements of case, CPR Part 16 facilitates effective case management, allowing the court to identify the key issues and manage the litigation process efficiently.

Promoting Fairness

The rules in CPR Part 16 promote fairness by ensuring that both parties have a clear understanding of the opposing party’s case, allowing them to prepare adequately for trial or settlement negotiations.

Practical Implications for Litigants and Legal Professionals

Understanding and complying with CPR Part 16 is crucial for litigants and legal professionals. Well-drafted statements of case can significantly influence the course and outcome of litigation.

Tips for Compliance

For Claimants:

  • Detail and Clarity: Ensure that the particulars of claim are detailed and clear, providing a comprehensive outline of the facts, legal basis, and remedy sought.
  • Supporting Documents: Include any relevant documents or evidence that support the claim.

For Defendants:

  • Thorough Response: Provide a thorough and detailed response to each allegation in the particulars of claim.
  • Alternative Versions: If presenting an alternative version of events, ensure that it is detailed and supported by evidence.


CPR Part 16 is a fundamental component of civil litigation, providing the framework for clear, precise, and comprehensive statements of case.

Contact Ai Law today to learn more about how we can assist you in achieving your litigation goals through expert legal support and comprehensive case management.

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